Manage nutrient loads to reduce negative impacts to the Delta ecosystem.

The Measure

Concentrations and/or loads of bio-stimulatory substances (inorganic nutrients) in Delta waters is reduced. 

  • Expectations

    Reduce excessive amounts of bio-stimulatory substances (inorganic nutrients such as ammonium, nitrate, and phosphate), or altered proportions of these nutrients in Delta waters. 

     

  • Performance Metrics

    • Concentrations and/or loads of bio-stimulatory substances at Delta water quality monitoring locations, evaluated annually.

Average Inorganic Nutrient Concentrations in the Lower Sacramento River from 2014-2017

Nutrient levels are the combined average of the samples taken (2014-17) from the lower Sacramento River. These are measured in micromoles per liter (µM)

Average Inorganic Nutrient Concentrations in Suisun Bay from 2014-17

Nutrient levels are the combined average of the samples taken (2014-17) from Suisun Bay. These are measured in micromoles per liter (µM)

Context

Nutrient sampling and testing is conducted by United States Geological Survey (USGS). The sampling starts in the lower Sacramento River and extends to South San Francisco Bay. Currently, there is no target for this performance measure. The target is dependent on the findings of the Delta Nutrient Research Plan.

Sample locations can be viewed on the USGS webpage.

Delta Nutrient Research Plan: The purpose of the Delta Nutrient Research Plan is to identify research and modeling needed to determine whether water quality objectives for nutrients are needed in the Delta.

Bio-stimulatory substances are inorganic nutrients that are an essential part of the ecosystem and include: Ammonium (NH4), Nitrate (NO3), Phosphate (PO4). 

Without these nutrients, ecosystems cannot survive. Naturally, nutrients are a limited resource for living organisms and primary producers (plants, bacteria, algae) compete for them. Human activities contribute to excess nutrients in the ecosystem. Excessive concentrations and loads become detrimental to humans and wildlife by affecting water quality and ecosystem populations.

One major source of nutrients to the Delta is sewage effluent. Sewage effluent, along with other factors such as temperature and low water flow, can stimulate algal growth in the Delta and reservoirs. Elevated nutrients can increase nonnative aquatic vegetation (for example water hyacinth) that can clog up waterways, decrease light penetration, disrupt food webs by shifting algal species composition from diatoms to less nutritious forms of algae, and cause taste and odor problems with drinking water. A reduction in inorganic nutrient concentrations may reduce the frequency or intensity of water quality issues.

Currently, numeric water quality objectives for nutrients are not determined. As of July 2018, the Delta Nutrient Research Plan calls for additional work to understand nutrients’ impacts before nutrient water objectives can be considered. By monitoring specific inorganic nutrients, programs can begin to develop a control or regulatory strategy to address issues related to nutrient impairment.

Each chapter of the Delta plan includes strategies to achieve the goals of the plan. These strategies are general guidance on achieving the objective laid out in the plan and in the Delta Reform Act of 2009. Associated with these strategies are recommendations. The recommendations describe more specific and implementable actions to support the achievement of Delta Plan strategies. Strategies and recommendations may also have associated performance measures. Delta Plan performance measures track progress in achieving desired outcomes for the Delta Plan. Below are the strategies and recommendations associated with this performance measure.

Delta Plan Strategy

  • Improve environmental water quality

Delta Plan Recommendations

  • Completion of regulatory processes, research, and monitoring for water quality improvements
  • Implement Delta Regional Monitoring Program
  • Evaluate wastewater recycling, reuse, or treatment
  • Manage dissolved oxygen in Stockton Deep Water Ship Channel
  • Manage dissolved oxygen in Suisun Marsh

Wastewater effluent is a major source of nutrients to the Delta. A major project that will help reduce nutrient loads is Sacramento Regional County Sanitation District's (Regional San) EchoWater Project; it is located in the lower Sacramento River.

The EchoWater Project aims to reduce ninety-nine percent of ammonia discharged to the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta.

EchoWater Project

Metric

Concentrations and/or loads of bio-stimulatory substances (inorganic nutrients such as ammonium, nitrate, and phosphate) at Delta water quality monitoring locations, evaluated annually.

Baseline

Bio-stimulatory substance concentrations, loads, and trends during the period of 2004-2013.

Target

Meet the limits and targets identified by the Delta Nutrient Science and Research Program by 2034. 

Data is retrieved from USGS Water quality of San Francisco Bay. Data queried for the following nutrients: Nitrite+Nitrate, Ammonium, and Phosphate. Sample Data in the Sacramento River and Suisun Marsh are averaged.

Data Sources:

Delta Nutrient Research Plan

USGS Water Quality of SF Bay

USGS measurements of water quality in San Francisco Bay (CA), beginning in 2016 (ver. 2.0, June 2018)

 

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